Saturday, Dec 16, 2017, 4:00 pm
575 Osgood Street
North Andover, MA
Lecture 23 — Spanish Contact — Pizarro Conquers the Inca
This lecture traces the rise of Francisco Pizarro and the subsequent fall of the mighty Inca Empire at his hands. Pizarro was the uneducated son of a Spanish soldier, but he was a strong warrior and rose quickly through the ranks of the conquistadors. His discovery of riches along the coast allowed him to gain permission from the crown to conquer and convert the Inca. After a minimal attempt at conversion, Pizarro captured the Inca Atahualpa, holding him for ransom before executing him. Pizarro established control over the diseased-ravaged Inca population, maintaining it through the rebellion of Manco Inca. His betrayal of his partner Almagro led to his eventual assassination, but not before the Inca Empire was irretrievably lost.
Lecture 24 — Remnants of the Past — Andean Culture Today
This final lecture explores the last resistance of the ancient Inca culture, then turns to the remarkable preservation of ancient traditions by indigenous people living in South America today. The Quechua iof Peru still live much like their Inca ancestors, weaving textiles and planning crops on terraces. The Misminay rely heavily on astronomy in their practices, and the people of Tupicocha continue to use khipu in some ceremonies. The Aymara, the descendants of Tiwanaku, have achieved prominence in Brazil while respecting the traditions of their ancestors. The Amazonian tribes continue with shamanism and headhunting, and the many uncontacted tribes undoubtedly maintain traditions, as well. The future for ancient South American studies is hopeful, with much left to learn and discover about these fascinating civilizations.